Twitter Iran RT chaos

From Twitter in the last few minutes, a chaos of echo’d posts about army moves. Just a few excerpts here by copy/paste, mostly without the all-important timestamps. Without tools to trace reports to their source, to claims about their source from credible intermediaries, or evidence, this isn’t directly useful. Even grassroots journalists needs evidence. I wonder how Witness and Identi.ca fit into all this. I was thinking today about an “(person) X claims (person) Y knows about (topic) Z” notation, perhaps built from FOAF+SKOS. But looking at this “Army moving in…” claim, I think something couched in terms of positive claims (along lines of the old OpenID showcase site Jyte) might be more appropriate.

The following is from my copy/paste from Twitter a few minutes ago. It gives a flavour of the chaos. Note also that observations from very popular users (such as stephenfry) can echo around for hours, often chased by attempts at clarification from others.

(“RT” is Twitter notation for re-tweet, meaning that the following content is redistributed, often in abbreviated or summarised form)

plotbunnytiff: RT @suffolkinace: RT From Iran: CONFIRMED!! Army moving into Tehran against protestors! PLEASE RT! URGENT! #IranElection
r0ckH0pp3r: RT .@AliAkbar: RT From Iran: CONFIRMED!! Army moving into Tehran against protesters! PLEASE RT! URGENT! #IranElection
jax3417: RT @ktyladie: RT @GennX: RT From Iran: CONFIRMED!! Army moving into Tehran against protesters! PLEASE RT! URGENT! #IranElection #iran
ktladie: RT @GennX: RT From Iran: CONFIRMED!! Army moving into Tehran against protesters! PLEASE RT! URGENT! #IranElection #iran
MellissaTweets: RT @AliAkbar: RT From Iran: CONFIRMED!! Army moving into Tehran against protesters! PLEASE RT! URGENT! #IranElection
GennX: RT @MelissaTweets: RT @AliAkbar: RT From Iran: CONFIRMED!! Army moving into Tehran against protesters! PLEASE RT! URGENT! #IranElection

The above all arrived at around the same time, and cite two prior “sources”:

suffolkinnace: RT From Iran: CONFIRMED!! Army moving into Tehran against protestors! PLEASE RT! URGENT! #IranElection   18 minutes ago from web

Who is this? Nobody knows of course, but there’s a twitter bio:

http://twitter.com/suffolkinace # Bio Some-to-be Royal Military Policeman in the British Army. Also a massive Xbox geek and part-time comedian

The other “source” seems to be http://twitter.com/AliAkbar
AliAkbar: RT From Iran: CONFIRMED!! Army moving into Tehran against protesters! PLEASE RT! URGENT! #IranElection
about 1 hour ago from web
url http://republicmodern.com

This leads us to   http://republicmodern.com/about where we’re told
“Ali Akbar is the founder and president of Republic Modern Media. A conservative blogger, he is a contributor to Right Wing News, Hip Hop Republican, and co-host of The American Resolve online radio show. He was also the editor-in-chief of Blogs for McCain.”

I should also mention that a convention emerged in the last day two replace the names of specific local Twitter users in Tehran with a generic “from Iran”, to avoid getting anyone into trouble. Which makes plenty of sense, but without any in the middle vouching for sources makes it even harder to know which reports to take seriously.
More… back to twitter search, what’s happened since I started this post?

http://twitter.com/#search?q=iranelection%20army

badmsm: RT @dpbkmb @judyrey: RT From Iran: CONFIRMED!! Army moving into Tehran against protesters! PLZ RT! URGENT! #IranElection #gr88
SimaoC: RT @parizot: CONFIRMÉ! L’armée se dirige vers Téhéran contre les manifestants! #IranElection #gr88
SpanishClash: RT @mytweetnickname: RT From Iran:ARMY movement NOT confirmed in last 2:15, plz RT this until confrmed #IranElection #gr88
artzoom: RT @matyasgabor @humberto2210: RT CONFIRMED!! Army moving into Tehran against protesters! PLEASE RT! #IranElection #iranrevolution
sjohnson301: RT @RonnyPohl From Iran: CONFIRMED!! Army moving into Tehran against protestors! PLEASE RT! URGENT! #IranElection #iran9
dauni: RT @withoutfield: RT: @tspe: CONFIRMED!! Army moving into Tehran against protestors! PLEASE RT! URGENT! #IranElection
interdigi: RT @ivanpinozas From Iran: CONFIRMED!! Army moving into Tehran against protestors! PLEASE RT! URGENT! #IranElection
PersianJustice: Once again, stop RT army movements until source INSIDE Iran verifies! Paramilitary is the threat anyway. #iranelection #gr88
Klungtveit Anyone: What’s the origin of reports of “army moving in” on protesters? #iranelection
Eruethemar: RT @brianlltdhq: RT @lumpuckaroo: Only IRG moving, not national ARMY… this is confirmed for real #IranElection #gr88
SAbbasRaza: RT @bymelissa: RT @alexlobov: RT From Iran: CONFIRMED!! Army moving into Tehran against protestors! PLEASE RT! URGENT! #IranElection
timnilsson: RT @Iridium24: CONFIRMED!! Army moving into Tehran against protesters! PLEASE RT! URGENT! #IranElection
edmontalvo: RT @jasona: RT @Marble68: RT From Iran: CONFIRMED!! Army moving into Tehran against protestors! PLEASE RT! URGENT! #IranElection
stevelabate: RT army moving into Tehran against protesters. Please RT. #iranelection
ivanpinozas: From Iran: CONFIRMED!! Army moving into Tehran against protestors! PLEASE RT! URGENT! #IranElection
bschh: CONFIRMED!! Army moving into Tehran against protestors! PLEASE RT! URGENT! #IranElection (via @dlayphoto)
dlayphoto: RT From Iran: CONFIRMED!! Army moving into Tehran against protestors! PLEASE RT! URGENT! #IranElection

In short … chaos!

Is this just a social / information problem, or can different tooling and technology help filter out what on earth is happening?

Open social networks: bring back Iran

Three years ago, we lost Iran from Internet community. I simplify somewhat, but forgivably. Many Iranian ISPs cut off access to blogs and social networking sites, on government order. At the time, Iran was one of the most active nations on Orkut; and Orkut was the network of choice, faster than the then-fading Friendster, but not yet fully eclipsed by MySpace. It provided a historically unprecedented chance for young people from Iran, USA, Europe and the world to hang out together in an online community. But when Orkut was blocked at the ISP level in Iran, pretty much nobody in the English-speaking blog-tech-pundit scene seemed to even notice. This continues to bug me. Web technologists apparantly care collectively more about freeing Robert Scoble’s addressbook from Facebook, than about the real potential for unmediated, uncensored, global online community.

Most folk in the US will never visit Iran, and vice-versa. And the press and government in both states are engaged in scary levels of sabre-rattling and demonisation. For me, one of the big motivations for working (through FOAF, SPARQL, XMPP and other technologies) on social networking interop, is so young people in the future can grow up naturally having friends in distant nations, regardless of whether their government thinks that’s a priority. If hundreds of blog posts can be written about the good Mr Scoble’s addressbook portability situation, why are thousands of posts not being written about the need for social networking tools to connect people regardless of nationality and national firewalls?

Some things are too important to leave to governments…

Update: a few hours after writing this, things get hairy in Hormuz.  Oof…

History time

From the O’Reilly Factor, Sept 12.

Ron Paul: … so I see the Iranians as acting logically and defensively. We’ve been fighting the Iranians since 1953. We overthrew their government through the CIA in 1953. We were allies with Saddam Hussein in the 1980s and we encouraged him to invade Iran…

Bill O’Reilly: Allright, so I just want to get … we don’t need the history lesson … but I do want to get this on the record. I do understand the region … but we don’t have time to do the history lesson tonight. … You don’t fear Iran, even though Iran has demonstrated, it can start a war, which it did last summer with its Hezbollah surrogates and it stated, it stated, that it wants to do damage to Israel, to wipe it off the face of the earth. And is developing a nuclear weapon. And you don’t fear them? …

Google Earth touring via KML

While I’m writing up old hacks, here’s one that I really enjoyed, even if it was a bit clunky. A couple of years ago Mikel Maron implemented (on my urging in irc.oftc.net #geo IRC :) a PHP-based Google Earth touring service, which interconnects a “tour guide” user with “tourists”.

This site facilitates collaborative, realtime exploration of Google Earth. As the “tour guide” navigates, “tourists” will automatically follow along.

When the tour guide’s Google Earth installation is at rest, a specially installed KML network link sends the server an HTTP request, showing the coordinates of the visible area of the globe. This same service is periodically polled (every second) by “tourists” whose Google Earth will dutifully fly to the appropriate spot.

The system seems to be offline currently, but was quite evocative to use, even if tricky. You never quite knew what the other party could actually see, since the picture can load quite slowly when moving around a lot. And the implementation didn’t do anything about angle of view (although this became possible in later versions of KML). I had experimental tours of Dublin guided by Ina (Skyping at same time), and of various places in Iran by Hamed Saber.

I expect in due course (if not already, I don’t track these things) Google Earth and similar products (Worldwind, or the Microsoft thingy) will offer social map browsing, it’s such a nice feature, though it really needs an audio channel open at the same time. Last week I tried to do the same without such a link, my mum talking me thru finding a small village in France. Much harder! “Take the road north out of Chabanais … past a small farm, past the swimming pool…”.

Here is Mikel’s “how it works” writeup:

The web interface generates KML files, which are loaded into Google Earth and create Network Links. The tour guide has a “View Based Refresh” Network Link, which sends the bounding box of the current view to the specified URL whenever the camera stops. That position is stored. Tourists receive a “Time Based Refresh” Network Link, which requests every 10 seconds and receives the last stored position of the guide.

Right now only location and altitude are transmitted. A future release of Google Earth may enable tilt and rotation. Integrated chat would be nice as well.

The fact that they’ve hidden a full flight simulator within Google Earth might make this worth revisiting. And of course there is infinite fun to be had from playing with photos etc on the globe, although my last attempts in that direction (preparing for 3 months in Buenos Aires by studying geo-tagged photos instead of Spanish) tailed off. Everyone was putting pics on maps, I got a bit bored, even though it’s still a worthwhile area with much still to be done.

Some ideas are not meant to be combined though: who really needs a collaborative realtime photo-navigator implemented with Google Earth flight simulator? :)

Bomb in the face.

A snowy photo from the No War on Iran scrapbook – “Thought you might like to have a look at the people your army might bomb soon in the face“, There’s also a weblog nearby. From a comment on their mission statement page, “I don’t know if it will work on everyone, but I figure it’s harder to kill someone you ‘know'”.

It’d be nice to think so…

Hoder was proposing something similar last year:

Many Iranians can not read or write in English very well. Thus the best way they can show the world how they live their lives, in a direct and unmediated way, is by using photoblogs. The rapidly growing market for digital cameras in Iran and the rise of free photo hosting services could pave the way, as well as particular projects and awards.

See also: Chomsky on “Rattling Iran”. Or PNAC’s Rebuilding America’s Defenses.